What is considered big data is an increasingly interesting question, especially as new types of tools and processing technologies emerge that are capable of storing and analyzing a large volume of data. Companies such as Amazon, Netflix, Yahoo, Facebook and Google have all recently released products that are designed to analyze large volumes of information. While many companies use these tools for decision making purposes, others are using them for other more specialized purposes. To better understand what is considered big data and its various uses, it is helpful to have a basic understanding of what neural networks are and how they can be used in data mining.
The original concept of neural networks was conceived by scientists who envisioned a way to make computers able to recognize objects. The idea was not far off from the field of machine learning, which involves the training of machines to recognize patterns in massive amounts of data, much like how humans master assembly language. In both fields, the goal is to identify and classify patterns and relationships between things within a system. The goal with big data is to do the same thing, but on a larger scale. Traditional machine learning methods typically involve training a computer to recognize a particular image or pattern, then feeding it into a program that tells the computer what it meant.
The big difference between traditional machine learning and deep learning is the way the data is processed. Deep learning machines are able to extract useful information from the data without needing to actually be able to read the text of the original source document. Instead, the data engineer will spend most of his time figuring out what the meaning behind the data lies, and how he can best apply the knowledge of this knowledge to the original document. Deep learning is much more complicated than machine learning, but it also allows for much more supervised training and the ability to utilize previously unknown techniques and applications.
While the two systems may look completely different from each other, they have one major similarity – they both work on large, complex problems. In practice, this means that a data lake is just a collection of computers on an online file server. A data warehouse is essentially the same thing, but on a much larger scale. In a data lake, a business would have many different types of computers processing tons of information in order to find a solution to their problem.
The biggest difference between the two solutions is in terms of the software. Deep learning machines rely heavily on proprietary algorithms, while traditional machine learning relies on standard, open source tools. The most common alternative to machine learning is the use of Hadoop, a framework for distributed computing. Although the commercial use of Hadoop is limited to providing data ingestion for Map-reduce, the framework itself is versatile enough to be used for a wide variety of big data problems. Many large corporations now utilize Hadoop in order to save money on their computing resources.
Data visualization is one of the fastest growing fields in modern technology. Data visualizations enable users to explore large quantities of data and more importantly, they allow users to visualize the information in a way that makes it easier to understand. Because big data represents a tremendous amount of potential interest, data visualization tools are quickly becoming among the most popular tools in the IT market. Because of the interest in Hadoop, it may be a good idea for an organization to hire a data visualization expert. This will allow the organization to focus on using the tools, while having someone else take care of the aesthetic aspects.
A data warehouse provides a great way to manage and analyze big data. Running a data warehouse allows for a business to more effectively utilize their existing IT resources. Since a data warehouse represents a collection of machines, it can be accessed by multiple employees and multiple devices. This is important because each employee is able to access and use the information in a way that best fits their individual workflow. By running a data warehouse, the time it takes for an employee to obtain access to data is greatly reduced, therefore reducing the time it takes to implement changes to an organization’s data.
The use of Hadoop is only going to continue to grow. Many large companies already have some degree of active Hadoop architecture. This is not to say that small organizations cannot adopt Hadoop, but it is important for small organizations to take some time and consider the implications before jumping into big data. Big data does have some potential, but the impact to an organization can be staggering if the right decisions are not made. Running a data warehouse provides businesses with an excellent tool to increase efficiency while reducing costs.